Prostate Cancer Signs And Symptoms

Prostate Cancer Signs And Symptoms

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Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that men can acquire. It can be described as being a malignant growth or tumor that is made up of cells that affect the prostate gland. In most cases, the tumor will grow at a slow rate and will not spread any further than the gland for a number of years. During this span of time, the growth may not show any outward symptoms. Even upon a physical examination, it may not be obvious that a problem exists. Prostate cancer comes with a cancerous tumor that is in a malignant state which usually grows slowly and stays at the gland for many years. It consists of cells from the prostate gland; it usually doesn’t show any sign on its early stages. Although, in some cases, it’s different with prostate cancer. Some are lethal and fast. It grows and spreads rapidly and can cause quick death to the person affected by it. A common staging system used for prostate cancer is the TNM system. This means T-Tumor, N-Nodes and M-Metastasize. First, the size and extent of the primary tumor is described/measured. Then checks are done to see of the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or metastasized elsewhere. Once the cancer has spread beyond the gland, such as to the lymph nodes, bones and lungs, it cannot be cured, although there are ways to control it from spreading even further. Due to the scientific advancements in the treatments that are available, most males whose prostate cancer has spread to other parts of the body can expect to live five or more years with the disease. Some of these men continue to live a normal life and die of other causes, such as heart failure.

Cancer symptoms like having severe discomfort on the pelvis, roots from having affected lymph nodes. The nodes squeeze the pelvis causing pain. To prevent prostate cancer, the five early prostate cancer symptoms should be taken into consideration. Consult your doctor immediately once you experience these symptoms for treatments. It is the best way to fight prostate cancer before it gets worse. The prostate gland has many functions. One of which is to help control urination. How? It presses directly against the part of the urethra that it surrounds which then helps in urination. Another function of the prostate gland is to produce the substances that are found in semen such as minerals and sugar. As people age, the prostate gland also increases in size, which would then may cause some problems such as difficulty in urinating especially at night plus blood in the urine.According to one study, men who were diagnosed with low-grade slow growing cancer who sought active surveillance were shown to have an almost 80% survival rate. And that the patients are nearly 19 times more likely to die in 10 years due to causes other than the cancer.

This is more advanced prostate cancer which invades the structures around the gland. At this stage there are often already secondaries e.g. bone metastases. If the disease has spread it is usually incurable but may be controlled for some time. The average survival is between 1 and 3 years. Prostate cancer in its initial stages is called Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy. Malignant tumor has the capacity to invade other cells and destroy them. A benign tumor does not spread out, but will cause damage to the tissue it has attacked. The abnormal cells in prostate will grow out of control to form small bumps and nodules on the surface of the prostate gland. If not treated properly at this stage the disease will escalate to become malignant and can be called Prostate cancer.

The second stage of prostate cancer is called T2, professionally. This stage is one where the tumor can be felt through a digital rectal exam. It can also be viewed through ultrasound. The tumor is still confined to the prostate area. T2 cancers are usually local cancers.

What are common treatment options? Depending on the individual, there are several possible treatment options, each with a different side effect profile. The most common treatments include prostatectomy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and active surveillance, among others. The digital rectal exam allows the doctor to approximate the size of the prostate and to know if there are any abnormalities on the surface. A blood test reveals the PSA levels which in turns helps the doctor to diagnosis if cancer is present. These levels can be higher in a man who has cancer although some medications and infections can cause a false reading.
Most of the treatments for prostate cancer will rely on the prostate PSA level. If the results of the tests will be high level, the doctor will prescribe a series of blood tests and other tests to make a confirmed and definite diagnosis.
Another symptom is having a sudden stiffness or pain in your lower back and hip area. This symptom is not discussed as much but it is a clear indicator that something may be going on. Doctors use a combination of risk factors to predict the behaviour of prostate cancer but cancers do not always act as expected. The factors they consider include the cancer stage (see above), the age of the patient, the PSA level and how quickly it is rising, and the Gleason Score. The Gleason score is a marker of how aggressive the cancer looks under the microscope and how much of the gland is affected by cancer.

The anti-oxidants present in green tea help to prevent the occurrence and spread of prostate cancer. Green tea also contains polyphenols that prevent the growth of blood vessels. This help in preventing the cancer from getting nutrients in the body.

Finally, have him join a support group for cancer patients. Some hospitals have support groups just for patients while others have support groups for patients and their spouses. These groups allow patients to discuss their concerns and fears with other patients. This lets them know that they are not alone in their battle. These groups enable patients to discuss things with a sense of safety and a willingness to help each other in their battle against cancer. It is important to do all you can to keep your spouse motivated both during and after their treatment.